Spider plant varieties: 18 Spider plant Types with names and pictures

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Looking for various spider plant varieties? Or wanna see the beautiful pictures of different types of spider plants with names?

Spider plant is one of the most common houseplants. This plant is also known as ribbon plant or spider ivy. As it is very easy to grow and easily adaptable, garden-lovers want to keep them in their collection. At the same time, the stripes remaining in the leaves express their aristocracy. 

Besides, this plant creates an outstanding look in the house for its scattered leaf arrangement. That’s why people are trying to release more varieties day by day. Hence, we are here with the details of some popular spider plant cultivars.

Spider Plant Overview

The origin of this plant is tropical and southern Africa but simplified in Western Australia. This plant requires low maintenance and can grow in the condition of less than perfect having moderate growth.

Scientific NameChlorophytum comosum
Common nameSpider plant, ribbon plant, spider ivy, airplane plant
FamilyAsparagaceae
OriginTropical and Southern Africa
Mature height1 to 2 feet
Mature width1 to 2 feet
Leaf colorGreen, striped green and white
Flower colorWhite
LightPartial to full sun
SoilRich, Well-drained soil
wateraverage
Temperature55 to 65 F

How many Spider Plant varieties are available?

More than 200 varieties of Spider plant (Chlorophytum comosum) are there. It is quite tough to find out some common varieties among 200 varieties of Chlorophytum. As almost in every situation, this plant can adapt, it is very easy to grow both indoors and outdoors. That’s why it is one of the most popular houseplants.

Being cultivars of the same species, there are very little differences among the plants. For example, there are two types of varieties – ‘vittatum’ and ‘variegatum’. Vittatum varieties have leaves with white centers whereas variegatum varieties have leaves with white edges.

Let’s have a glance at some common varieties of Spider plant (Chlorophytum comosum).

1. Purple Spider Plant

Botanical name: Cleome hassleriana

Common name: Spider Plant ‘Violet Queen’

This is a fast-growing annual plant. The leaves of this plant are aromatic, palmate green in color. It also produces rich violet flowers which are sweetly fragrant. They are also known as ‘purple spider flower’ plants.

It grows up to 3 to 4 feet and spreads 1 to 2 feet. This plant requires full sun, well-drained soil and average watering. This plant looks very attractive in the cold season for its beautiful flowers.

2. Shamrock Spider Plant

Shamrock Spider Plant
Shamrock Spider Plant

Botanical name: Chlorophytum comosum

Common name: Shamrock or Ocean

Ocean spider plant is a rare variety of spider plant cultivars. It grows both inside and outside but grows faster if placed outside of the house. They look great in the hanging baskets.

This perennial plant has green leaves with pointed apex. The edges are creamy white that needs perfect sunlight to be generated properly. Star shaped white flowers are produced in the apex and cascade runners are found as propagating materials.

3. Vittatum Spider Plant

Vittatum Spider Plant
Vittatum Spider Plant

Botanical name: Chlorophytum comosum ‘Vittatum’

Common name: Spider plant

This is an evergreen and one of the easiest perennials to grow. The leaf color of this Vittatum is green and it has white stripes in the center. The leaves are very narrow. This plant also produces small flowers and they are mostly white in color.

It grows up to 12 to 24 inches and also spreads up to 12 to 24 inches. It requires bright indirect sunlight and well-draining soil. Vittatum looks great if paired with Begonias and Impatiens.

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4. Fire Flash Spider Plant

Fire Flash Spider Plant
Fire Flash Spider Plant

Botanical name: Chlorophytum Orchidastrum

Common name: Orange spider plant

Fire flash is a tropical herbaceous perennial type plant. This plant is also known as green orange spider plant, fire glory, Sierra Leone lily etc. It is evergreen and very attractive. The leaves of the plant are shiny green in color and broad in size.

The shape of the leaves is ovate-lanceolate and pointed. This plant grows up to 2 feet and spreads 1 to 2 feet. It requires low maintenance.

Growing this beautiful plant in partial shade, moist soil and medium water should be done for the well growth of the plant.

5. Mandarin Orange Spider Plant

Mandarin Orange Spider Plant
Mandarin Orange Spider Plant

Botanical name: Chlorophytum amaniense ‘Fire Flash’

Common name: Mandarin plant

This is the most colorful spider plant. It has shiny green leaves and colorful orange stems which make the plant very attractive and eye-catching. It grows up to 50cm tall if it is grown indoors but it can be grown double that indoors when planted outdoors.

Mandarin Orange is a low-maintenance plant. It requires bright indirect light but also grows in partial shade. It doesn’t grow well in direct sunlight. It is quite an old-fashioned spider plant.

6. Bonnie Spider Plant

Bonnie Spider Plant
Bonnie Spider Plant

Botanical name: Chlorophytum comosum ‘Bonnie’

Common name: Bonnie

This is a twisted spider plant. It has uniquely attractive leaves that twirl one after another. The leaves are green and the edges are creamy white.

This plant has air purifying nature. Bonnie can grow up to 8 – 18 inches long. It prefers bright, indirect light or artificial light and only needs water when dry. It looks fantastic in a hanging basket.

7. Variegated Bonnie Spider Plant

Variegated Bonnie Spider Plant
Variegated Bonnie Spider Plant

Botanical name: Chlorophytum comosum ‘Bonnie Variegated’

Common name: Bonnie Variegated

This plant makes the perfect look to your living room. Variegated Bonnie has green leaves with creamy white stripes. The leaves are curled and look great in a hanging basket.

As a fast-growing and easy-going plant, it is a good choice for beginners. It grows up to 8 to 18 inches. It looks great if paired with Dracaena and ZZ plants.

8. Hawaiian Spider Plant

Hawaiian Spider Plant
Hawaiian Spider Plant

Botanical name:  Chlorophytum Viridescens

Common name: Golden Glow

Hawaiian is one of the most fascinating, graceful, eye-catching houseplants and different from its more common relatives. The leaves have distinctly variegated patterns when they are young.

The young leaves are bright white, cream and light green in color but as they age, the variegation darkens to a shade of deep green. This plant grows 18 to 24 inches and spreads 12 to 18 inches. It requires bright light, frequent watering for well growth.

9. Atlantic Spider Plant

Botanical name:  Chlorophytum Comosum

Common name: Spider plant

This plant originated from South Africa and Asia. It is an air-purifying spider plant. This plant has attractive white ribboned foliage with a green margin.

It can grow up to 25-50 cm and spread 10-25cm. It is very easy to maintain the Atlantic. It can be easily grown in bright light or shade and moist soil. This plant also looks nice as a hanging plant.

10. Reverse Variegatum Spider Plant

Reverse Variegatum Spider Plant
Reverse Variegatum Spider Plant

Botanical name: Chlorophytum comosum variegatum

Common name: Reverse Spider Plant

Reverse Spider plant is very easy to grow. This plant grows up to 2 feet tall and 3 feet wide. It produces unexpressed white flowers and spider-like shoots. Its leaf color is the reverse pattern of Chlorophytum comosum “vittatum”.

The leaves are green in the center and the leaf margin is white. The leaves are like long straps and they are originating from a crown. It requires some direct light or bright light for the best growth.  

11. Ocean Spider Plant

Ocean Spider Plant
Ocean Spider Plant

Botanical name: Chlorophytum Comosum ‘Ocean’

Common name: Spider plant

It is a cascading plant and a very attractive houseplant. It has leaves with a green center and creamy white margin. It also produces small flowers which are white in color. The stem of the Ocean plant is narrow and long and  it is often called runners.

The mature height of this plant is approximately 18 inches and width is 12 inches. It requires bright indirect light, well-drained soil and average watering. It looks great in a hanging basket. 

12. Airplane Spider Plant

Airplane Spider Plant
Airplane Spider Plant

Botanical name: Chlorophytum comosum 

Common name: Airplane spider plant

As an interesting plant variety of spider plant family, this plant has a reputation for its white fleshy roots. That’s why they can survive in dry weather too. Along with that, you will find light green leaves. 

Airplane spider plant is a perennial plant that grows almost 2-3 ft high. The leaves are arranged in a scattered way and have yellowish margins in the light green leaves. Flowers are rare in this plant. This is much appreciable to partial direct sunlight. Place it in a pot to use as an ornamental plant.

13. Variegated Spider Plant

Botanical name: Chlorophytum comosum ‘variegatum’

Common name: Variegated spider plant 

Variegated spider plant is a perennial and rhizomatous plant that is native to South Africa and grows up to 1-2 ft long. Here, you can find narrow leaves which are green colored having creamy-white stripes. The leaves are around 45 cm long.

White flowers are borne in clusters in the panicles that are small and starry. They are draught tolerant and easy to grow. This plant will furnish your house greatly being placed in a hanging pot.

14. Green Spider Plant

Green Spider Plant 
Green Spider Plant 

Botanical name: Chlorophytum comosum 

Common name: Green spider plant 

It is a rare collection of spider plant family. The most astonishing part is its foliage where you will get dark green leaves which has no creamy or light yellow stripes. On the other hand, they have no such variegation. 

After 1970, the production of green spider plant is commercially closed. But you can multiply this plant by propagation if you have green spider plant in your house.

Flowers are also produced in this plant. But they differ from other plants only for their green leaves.

15. Curly Spider Plant

Botanical name: Chlorophytum comosum

Common name: Curly spider plant

The curly spider plant is native to tropical and Southern Africa. This perennial plant has an extra appeal to garden-lovers for their life curly leaves. 

The leaves are dark green with white stripes in the mid point. The leaves are twisted and broad enough. You can see white flowers that bloom normally in the spring.

You can plant a curly spider in a pot and keep it over your working table or wall corners etc. 

16. Bichetii Spider Plant

Bichetii Spider Plant
Bichetii Spider Plant

Botanical name: Chlorophytum laxum

Common name: Bichetii spider plant

While looking at the plant, you will find that the green arching leaves are the main attraction of this type of spider plant. It almost look like the variegatum spider plant. But the leaves are smaller than the variegatum plant. 

The leaves are light green with white or cream margins. Its leaf sureface is soft and smooth and produce white flowers like most of the spider plant varieties. But the factor is it does not create any baby plant like variegatum. 

17. Zebra Spider Plant

Zebra Spider Plant
Zebra Spider Plant

Botanical name: Chlorophytum laxum

Common name: Spider plant ‘Zebra Grass’

This plant has many similarities with ‘reverse variegatum’. But the leaf margin of this plant is a brighter yellow than reverse variegatum. The center of the leaf is green in color.

It also produces attractive white flowers. This plant is not seen as tall as other spider plants but it grows wider than others. It requires partial shade for well growth. This plant is very unique and best as a hanging plant.

18. Chlorophytum Spider Plant

Chlorophytum Spider Plant
Chlorophytum Spider Plant

Botanical name: Chlorophytum capense

Common name: Spider plant Chlorophytum

Chlorophytum capense is much more similar to Chlorophytum comosum. But it doesn’t have hanging characteristics as well. It produces sharp-type, narrow leaves and the leaves are solid green in color.

It also produces white flowers which are mostly star-shaped. It grows up to 1 foot and spreads up to 2 feet. It requires partial sunlight to full sun for well growth.

The necessity of Spider Plant? 

Spider plant is very popular for its air purifying nature. It was also highlighted by NASA for this ability. This plant is beneficial for the home and office as it creates an attractive and classic look in your home or office. All over, it creates a healthy environment in the house.

Which varieties can I keep in my house?

All the varieties of the Spider plant are very attractive and eye-catching. And they are almost similar in appearance. They increase the beauty of the home and create a healthy environment as they have air-purifying nature. But all the varieties are not available in the store. There are some common varieties which you can find in stores. Also, they add extra beauty to your house with their attractive foliage.

Chlorophytum comosum ‘Vittatum’ is the most common variety you can see in the stores. It has leaves with a white stripe center and green margin. It looks very attractive in your home and also keeps a pure environment for its air purifying nature.

There are also some common varieties of Spider plant-like Chlorophytum comosum ‘Variegatum’, Chlorophytum comosum ‘Bonnie’, Chlorophytum Orchidastrum ‘Orange Spider Plant’.

These plants have an eye-catching, attractive look that makes your home gorgeous. They are easy to grow and available in the stores, also you can order them online. So these plants can be kept in houses or offices easily.

Spider Flower 

Spider flowers are not of chlorophytum genus. But the flowers much resemble the spider plants. That’s why we are recommending it here.

Spider flower
Spider flower

The scientific name of this plant is Cleome hassleriana. This annual plant is native to South Africa and belongs to Capparaceae family. This plant consists of strong stems with white, pink or creamy blooms.

Final Thoughts 

This is the time to wrap up our discussion. Due to being an interesting species, garden lovers crave for this Spider plant. Though maximum varieties are rare to find, you may become confused while choosing one.

But hopefully after researching our plant descriptions, you can get a perfect one. If you are confused about how to take care of spider plant varieties, caring guide is already prepared for you. So, decorate your home with this outstanding houseplant right now.

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