Some of the Spider plant varieties are so adorable that if you see them anywhere, you definitely want to take them home. It is one of the most common houseplants. It is very easy to grow and easily adaptable as a houseplant. It creates a stunning look of the house. This plant is also known as ribbon plant or spider ivy.
The origin of this plant is tropical and southern Africa. But the plant is simplified in Western Australia.
Spider plant is very popular for its air purifying nature. Once it was highlighted by NASA for this ability. This plant is beneficial for the home and office. Also, it creates an attractive and classic look in your home or office.
The leaves of the plant are green, striped white and green, and sometimes striped green and bright yellow. Leaves are long, narrow and thin. They grow best in a hanging basket. It also produces small white flowers which are mostly star-shaped.
This plant requires low maintenance and can grow in the condition of less than perfect. Its growth rate is moderate.
Spider Plant Overview
|Scientific Name||Chlorophytum comosum|
|Common name||Spider plant, ribbon plant, spider ivy, airplane plant|
|Origin||Tropical and Southern Africa|
|Mature height||1 to 2 feet|
|Mature width||1 to 2 feet|
|Leaf color||Green, striped green and white|
|Light||Partial to full sun|
|Soil||Rich, Well-drained soil|
|Temperature||55 to 65 F|
How many Spider Plant Varieties are available?
More than 200 varieties of Spider plant (Chlorophytum comosum) are there. It is quite tough to find out some common varieties among 200 varieties of Chlorophytum. Almost in every situation, this plant can adapt. It is very easy to grow both indoors and outdoors. That’s why it is one of the most popular houseplants.
Almost every variety of spider plant has a similar appearance. There is very little difference among them. Two types of varieties are there – ‘vittatum’ and ‘variegatum’. Vittatum varieties have leaves with white centers whereas variegatum varieties have leaves with white edges.
Here we have some common varieties of Spider plant (Chlorophytum comosum).
1. Shamrock Spider Plant
Botanical name: Chlorophytum comosum
Common name: Shamrock or Ocean
This plant is very rare to find. It is solid green in color and grows both inside and outside. But this plant grows faster if planted outside. They look great in the hanging basket.
Also, they are grown and look great as a potted plant. It is a very pretty plant and easy to grow. So this plant is good for beginners too.
2. Vittatum Spider Plant
Botanical name: Chlorophytum comosum ‘Vittatum’
Common name: Spider plant
This is an evergreen and one of the easiest perennials to grow. The leaf color of this Vittatum is green and it has white stripes in the center. The leaves are very narrow. This plant also produces small flowers and they are mostly white in color.
It grows up to 12 to 24 inches and also spreads up to 12 to 24 inches. It requires bright indirect sunlight and well-draining soil. Vittatum looks great if paired with Begonias and Impatiens.
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3. Fire Flash Spider Plant
Botanical name: Chlorophytum Orchidastrum
Common name: Orange spider plant
Fire flash is a tropical herbaceous perennial type plant. It is evergreen and very ornamentally attractive. The leaves of the plant are shiny green in color and broad in size.
The shape of the leaves is ovate-lanceolate and pointed. This plant grows up to 2 feet and spreads 1 to 2 feet. It requires low maintenance.
Growing this beautiful plant in partial shade, moist soil and medium water should be done for the well growth of the plant.
4. Purple Spider Plant
Botanical name: Cleome hassleriana
Common name: Spider Plant ‘Violet Queen’
This is a fast-growing annual plant. The leaves of this plant are aromatic, palmate green in color. It also produces rich violet flowers which are sweetly fragrant. They are also known as ‘purple spider flower’ plants.
It grows up to 3 to 4 feet and spreads 1 to 2 feet. This plant requires full sun, well-drained soil and average watering. This plant looks very attractive in the cold season for its beautiful flowers.
5. Mandarin Orange Spider Plant
Botanical name: Chlorophytum amaniense ‘Fire Flash’
Common name: Mandarin plant
This is the most colorful spider plant. It has shiny green leaves and colorful orange stems which make the plant very attractive and eye-catching. It grows up to 50cm tall if it is grown indoors but it can be grown double than indoors when planted outdoors.
Mandarin Orange is a low-maintenance plant. It requires bright indirect light but also grows in partial shade. It doesn’t grow well in direct sunlight. It is quite an old-fashioned spider plant.
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6. Bonnie Spider Plant
Botanical name: Chlorophytum comosum ‘Bonnie’
Common name: Bonnie
This is a curly spider plant. It has uniquely attractive leaves that curl and swirl. The leaves are green and the edges are creamy white.
This plant has air purifying nature. Bonnie can grow up to 8 – 18 inches long. It prefers bright, indirect light or artificial light and only needs water when dry. It looks fantastic in a hanging basket.
7. Variegated Bonnie Spider Plant
Botanical name: Chlorophytum comosum ‘Bonnie Variegated’
Common name: Bonnie Variegated
This plant makes the perfect look to your living room. Variegated Bonnie has green leaves with creamy white stripes. The leaves are curled and look great in a hanging basket.
As a fast-growing and easy maintaining plant, it is a good choice for beginners. It grows up to 8 to 18 inches. It looks great if paired with Dracaena and ZZ plants.
8. Hawaiian Spider Plant
Botanical name: Chlorophytum Viridescens
Common name: Golden Glow
Hawaiian is one of the most fascinating, graceful, eye-catching houseplants and different from its more common relatives. The leaves have distinctly variegated patterns when they are young.
The young leaves are bright white, cream and light green in color but as they age, the variegation darkens to a shade of deep green. This plant grows 18 to 24 inches and spreads 12 to 18 inches. It requires bright light, frequent watering for well growth.
9. Atlantic Spider Plant
Botanical name: Chlorophytum Comosum
Common name: Spider plant
This plant is originated from South Africa and Asia. It is an air-purifying spider plant. This plant has attractive white ribboned foliage with a green margin.
It can grow up to 25-50 cm and spread 10-25cm. It is very easy to maintain the Atlantic. It can be easily grown in bright light or shade and moist soil. This plant also looks nice as a hanging plant.
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10. Reverse Variegatum Spider Plant
Botanical name: Chlorophytum comosum variegatum
Common name: Reverse Spider Plant
Reverse Spider plant is very easy to grow. This plant grows up to 2 feet tall and 3 feet wide. It produces unexpressed white flowers and spider-like shoots. Its leaf color is the reverse pattern of Chlorophytum comosum “vittatum”.
The leaves are green in the center and the leaf margin is white. The leaves are like long straps and they are originating from a crown. It requires some direct light or bright light for the best growth.
11. Ocean Spider Plant
Botanical name: Chlorophytum Comosum ‘Ocean’
Common name: Spider plant
It is a cascading plant and a very attractive houseplant. It has leaves with a green center and creamy white margin. It also produces small flowers which are white in color. The stem of the Ocean plant is narrow and long and it is often called runners.
The mature height of this plant is approximately 18 inches and width is 12 inches. It requires bright indirect light, well-drained soil and average watering. It looks great in a hanging basket.
12. Zebra Spider Plant
Botanical name: Chlorophytum laxum
Common name: Spider plant ‘Zebra Grass’
This plant has many similarities with ‘reverse variegatum’. But the leaf margin of this plant is a brighter yellow than reverse variegatum. The center of the leaf is green in color.
It also produces attractive white flowers. This plant is not seen as tall as other spider plants but it grows wider than others. It requires partial shade for well growth. This plant is very unique and best as a hanging plant.
13. Chlorophytum Spider Plant
Botanical name: Chlorophytum capense
Common name: Spider plant Chlorophytum
Chlorophytum capense is much more similar to Chlorophytum comosum. But it doesn’t have hanging characteristics as well. It produces sharp-type, narrow leaves and the leaves are solid green in color.
It also produces white flowers which are mostly star-shaped. It grows up to 1 foot and spreads up to 2 feet. It requires partial sunlight to full sun for well growth.
To know about spider plant care Go here.
Which varieties can I keep in my house?
All the varieties of the Spider plant are very attractive and eye-catching. And they are almost similar in appearance. They increase the beauty of the home and create a healthy environment as they have air-purifying nature. But all the varieties are not available in the store. There are some common varieties which you can find in stores. Also, they add extra beauty to your house with their attractive foliage.
Chlorophytum comosum ‘Vittatum’ is the most common variety you can see in the stores. It has leaves with a white stripe center and green margin. It looks very attractive in your home and also keeps a pure environment for its air purifying nature.
There are also some common varieties of Spider plant-like Chlorophytum comosum ‘Variegatum’, Chlorophytum comosum ‘Bonnie’, Chlorophytum Orchidastrum ‘Orange Spider Plant’.
These plants have an eye-catching, attractive look that makes your home gorgeous. They are easy to grow and available in the stores, also you can order them online. So these plants can be kept in houses or offices easily.
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Spider plant is a very interesting houseplant. It creates an outstanding look of your home. Also, it is kept for its air purifying nature. It creates a healthy environment in the house. Spider plants mostly grow in hanging baskets and it looks best as a hanging plant because of their long narrow arching leaves.
There are so many varieties of spider plants, almost 200 varieties. Among them, some common varieties are discussed above. All the varieties are awesome-looking and almost similar. Some are a little bit different. I hope, you like the varieties and decorate your home with this outstanding houseplant.
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